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153. Is Mindfulness a Necessary Precursor to Benefit from Self-Compassion? An Ecological Momentary Assessment Study.
Self-compassion has been conceptualized as a healthy way to relate to oneself when experiencing negative emotions, and it is predictive of greater well-being and better psychological functioning. Theory suggests that a mindful state is a necessary precursor for the application of self-compassion during times of distress, but research has yet to examine the interplay of these variables as they predict well-being in daily life. Community participants over-sampled for treatment-seeking individuals (N=188) completed the Self-Compassion Scale, followed by a 7-day ecological momentary assessment study that included assessments of mindfulness, negative affect, and well-being six times per day. Data are being prepared for analysis, which we expect to complete by June 2019. Multilevel structural equation modeling will be used to account for the nested nature of the data, and we will test a three-way cross-level interaction of momentary negative affect, momentary mindfulness, and trait self-compassion as predictors of momentary well-being. We hypothesize that self-compassion will most strongly predict momentary well-being on occasions characterized by high negative affect and high mindfulness. Concurrent and lagged models will be examined. The results will help to elucidate the relationship between these constructs and will have implications for the implementation of self-compassion and mindfulness techniques in treatment.