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Thirty-Third Annual Meeting of the Society for Research in Psychopathology

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154. Measuring electronic cigarette exposure: A review of self-reported and biological assessments

Introduction: Research on electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) requires accurate characterization of patterns and levels of exposure. However, it is unclear whether assessments used in many e-cigarette studies capture actual levels or patterns of use. The current study systematically reviewed and quantified the e-cigarette literature to summarize how researchers have assessed patterns and levels of e-cigarette exposure, including, primarily, self-reported exposure, and, secondarily, biological markers of exposure. Methods: Studies of current e-cigarette users were eligible if the study was (a) conducted in a laboratory setting, (b) published in a peer-reviewed journal between 2007 and 2017, (c) published in English, (d) included some form of e-cigarette exposure assessment, and (e) included e-cigarette users. Of the 2,061 candidate studies that were identified, 40 met criteria for review. Results: At present, there has been almost no research establishing the validity of any self-report measures collected in the reviewed studies, and the published research rarely described any attempt to validate the assessments that were employed. Conclusions: The field would be aided considerably by greater attention to the psychometric properties of the assessments currently collected in e-cigarette research and, ultimately, the development of measures that accurately capture patterns and levels of e-cigarette exposure.

Ashley Dowd
University at Buffalo, The State University of New York

Jennifer Betts
University at Buffalo, The State University of New York

Stephen Tiffany
University at Buffalo, The State University of New York


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