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58. Social Functioning in Schizophrenia
Asociality is a key component of negative symptoms in schizophrenia, however limited work has examined how this symptom translates into every day life. Previous work has shown that people with schizophrenia report more time spent alone relative to controls. However, when around others they report greater positive emotion and reduced negative emotion relative to when they are alone. We sought to replicate and extend these findings in an EMA study of individuals with schizophrenia examining the relationship between social contact, feelings of social engagement when in contact with others, affect, and motivated behavior in those with schizophrenia. Preliminary findings suggest that when around others, people with schizophrenia (N=66) felt more positive affect (b=.11, p<.001), greater motivation (b=.10, p<.005), and reduced feelings of loneliness (b=-.06, p=.05). How engaged a person felt with another person predicted greater positive affect (b=.21, p<.001), more motivation (b=.26, p<.001), less negative affect (b=-.07, p<.005), and reduced feelings of loneliness (b=-.09, p<.05). Engaging in future social activities was predicted by greater positive affect (b=6.86, p<.001) and motivation (b=9.33, p<.001) at Time 1. Additional analyses will be presented examining group differences in social behavior, social engagement and predictions of future social behavior.