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Thirty-Third Annual Meeting of the Society for Research in Psychopathology

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170. Implicit theories of social skills and motivation in adults with schizophrenia: Links with negative symptoms and social functioning

Implicit theories, or mindsets, describe the extent to which self-attributes are considered malleable or fixed. For a particular attribute, malleable (growth) mindsets are associated with better outcomes, while fixed mindsets are associated with worse outcomes, on that attribute over time. While potentially relevant for important outcomes, implicit beliefs have not been examined in schizophrenia. In this exploratory study, we will examine the association between implicit theories about motivation and social skills (e.g., Your [motivation/social skill] is something about you that you cannot change very much), and negative symptoms and social functioning. In an eight-week mobile intervention, adults with schizophrenia (n=30) complete assessments of negative symptoms (CAINS), social functioning (HQLS), and implicit theories (Theory of Motivation, Social Skills; TOM/SS) at baseline. Participants are also asked to report on social goal progress twice per day during the intervention. We will examine correlations between implicit theories (degree of growth mindsets) and social skills and functioning. We will also examine the degree to which motivation and social skill mindsets predict motivation for, and progress toward, social goals throughout the intervention using multilevel modeling. Findings from this study could inform future interventions targeting mindsets to support motivation and social functioning in schizophrenia.

Arti Gandhi
Boston University

David Gard
San Francisco State University

Kathryn Gill
Boston University

Lawrence Leung
San Francisco State University

Daniel Fulford


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