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Novel approaches to explicating the structure and utility of empirically-derived structural models of psychopathology
Contemporary, empirically-based taxonomic efforts have facilitated substantial progress in explicating the hierarchical structure of psychopathology. Nevertheless, the majority of the research informing this work has relied on between-subjects analyses of diagnostic categories in adults, and focused on associations of the constructs derived in these data to self-reported correlates and causes of psychopathology. This symposium instead takes four novel approaches to examining the latent structure of psychopathology, and extended this work to understand its potential functions and causes. The presentations draw on a mix of within- and between-subjects designs, as well as symptom-, syndrome-, and disorder-level analyses of multi-method data spanning multiple developmental periods. Miriam Forbes will present symptom-level structural models from two large samples. Ashley Watts will present evidence that the externalizing and internalizing spectra interact concurrently and prospectively to predict negative life outcomes. Robert Latzman will present on the distinct neuroanatomical correlates of two forms of internalizing psychopathology—fear and distress—in a large sample of children. Aidan Wright will present on the daily function of psychopathology domains within individuals over time. Robert Krueger will serve as discussant to facilitate audience participation, and speakers will also generate discussion questions for this purpose.