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136. Reciprocal Associations Between Parenting Self-Efficacy, Substance Use Specific Parenting, and Adolescent Substance Use
Parents’ self-efficacy is considered an important correlate of adolescent substance use (SU) because parents’ beliefs in their ability to effectively parent influences parenting behavior, which in turn impacts child SU. Yet little work has examined the factors that might promote parental self-efficacy. There is evidence that child behavior influences general parenting practices, but limited research has considered the development of parents’ self-efficacy over time and its association with substance-specific parenting (i.e., discipline in response to substance use and communication about substance use). Child SU can create parenting stress and challenge the effectiveness of parents’ practices. This can reduce parental self-efficacy, negatively impacting parenting and increasing risk for future child SU. A longitudinal sample of 378 adolescent and parents (Wave 1 mean age = 11.6, SD = .88) and structural equation modeling were used to test: (1) Reciprocal associations between parenting self-efficacy and adolescent SU, and (2) Whether these associations are mediated by SU specific parenting practices. It is hypothesized that parental self-efficacy will be lower when adolescents use more substances and that lower efficacy will prospectively predict increased child SU through less effective SU-specific parenting.