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41. Mathematically modeling the effects of mindfulness on emotional experience in schizophrenia.
Mindfulness based therapies are commonly used to treat psychiatric disorders. However, it is unclear whether untrained mindfulness in everyday life is effective at improving emotional experience. The current study obtained six days of ecological momentary assessment (EMA) data on schizophrenia patients and healthy controls. EMA data was submitted to network and Markov chain analyses that evaluated whether the uninstructed use of mindfulness at time t resulted in a decrease in negative emotion and increase in positive emotion at time t + 1. Results indicated that greater mindfulness at time t resulted in a decrease in negative emotion and increase in positive emotion at time t + 1 in both controls and schizophrenia patients; however, temporal changes were significantly greater in controls. Given that untrained mindfulness was somewhat effective in schizophrenia, formal training via manualized mindfulness treatment may hold significant potential to improve emotional experience and associated symptoms in schizophrenia.